Advertisement

National Intellectual Capital of Four Smaller Western European Countries (Austria, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland)

  • Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
  • Leif Edvinsson
Chapter

Abstract

The four relatively small Western European countries are in the top 20 in the National Intellectual Capital Indices for 40 Countries (NICI40). Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Switzerland ranked number 12, 16, 8, and 3, respectively. The Netherlands and Switzerland have a higher level of national intellectual capital than do Austria and Belgium. Switzerland has the overall best score in renewal capital (ranked #1) and the Netherlands is strong in market capital (ranked #3). Both Austria and Belgium ranked relatively higher in financial capital (ranked #8 and #12) than in their overall NICI40 ranking. Austria is relatively weak in renewal capital (ranked #16) and Belgium is relatively weak in market capital and process capital (both ranked #18).

National intellectual capital ranking of the four smaller European countries

 

Human capital

Market capital

Process capital

Renewal capital

Financial capital

Overall IC (NICI40)

Mean

6.99

6.33

6.54

5.62

9.71

35.18

SD

0.13

0.45

0.54

1.61

0.06

2.30

Country

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Score

Ranking

Austria

6.89

12

6.25

13

6.52

13

4.60

16

9.70

8

33.96

12

Belgium

7.01

9

5.86

18

5.79

18

4.66

15

9.64

12

32.97

16

Netherlands

6.89

11

6.95

3

6.79

10

5.21

8

9.73

5

35.56

8

Switzerland

7.17

8

6.26

12

7.04

6

7.99

1

9.78

4

38.24

3

Keywords

Human Capital Market Capital Human Development Index Intellectual Capital Intangible Asset 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiROC
  2. 2.Universal Networking Intellectual CapitalNorrtäljeSweden

Personalised recommendations