Semantically Enriching the Search System of a Music Digital Library

Conference paper


Traditional search systems are usually based on keywords, a very simple and convenient mechanism to express a need for information. This is the most popular way of searching the Web, although it is not always an easy task to accurately summarize a natural language query in a few keywords. Working with keywords means losing the context, which is the only thing that can help us deal with ambiguity. This is the biggest problem of keyword-based systems. Semantic Web technologies seem a perfect solution to this problem, since they make it possible to represent the semantics of a given domain. In this chapter, we present three projects, Harmos, Semusici and Cantiga, whose aim is to provide access to a music digital library. We will describe two search systems, a traditional one and a semantic one, developed in the context of these projects and compare them in terms of usability and effectiveness.


Digital Library Resource Description Framework Conjunctive Query Semantic Search Search Paradigm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Uschold, M., Grninger, M.: Ontologies: Principles, Methods, and Applications. In: Knowledge Engineering Review, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 93–155 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gruber, T. R.: Towards Principles for the Design of Ontologies Used for Knowledge Sharing. In: Formal Ontology in Conceptual Analysis and Knowledge Representation (1993)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Iglesias, C.., Snchez, M., Guibert,., Guibert, M.J., Gmez, E.: A MultilingualWeb based Educational System for Professional Musicians. Current Developments in Assisted Education (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization System,
  6. 6.
    Miles, A., Prez-Agera, J.R.: SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation for the Web (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    SKOS Extensions Vocabulary Specification,
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Swartz, A.: MusicBrainz: A Semantic Web Service. IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 17(1), pp. 76–77 (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    WordNet: A lexical database for the English language,
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Grninger, M., Fox, M. S.: Methodology for the Design and Evaluation of Ontologies. In: Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing (IJCAI’95) (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mkel, E., Frfattare, T.: View-based Search Interfaces for the Semantic, Tech. Rep. (2006)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Athanasis, N., Christophides, V., Kotzinos, D.: Generating on the fly queries for the semantic web: The ics-forth graphical RQL interface (GRQL), pp. 486–501 (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Catarci, T., Dongilli, P., Mascio, T. D., Franconi, E., Santucci, G., Tessaris, S.: An Ontology Based Visual Tool for Query Formulation Support. In: Proc. of the 16th European Conference onArtificial Intelligence (ECAI’04), pp. 308–312 (2004)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang, L., Yu, Y., Yang, Y., Zhou, J., Lin, C.: An Enhanced Model for Searching in Semantic Portals. In: Proc. of the 14th international conference on World Wide Web (WWW’05), ACM Press, pp. 453–462 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kruk, S. R., Samp, K., O’Nuallain, C., Davis, B., Grzonkowski, B. M. S.: Search Interface Based on Natural Language Query Templates. In: Proc. of the poster session of IADIS International Conference WWW/Internet (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kruk, S. R., Woroniecki, T., Gzella, A., Dabrowski, M.: JeromeDL - a Semantic Digital Library. In: Semantic Web Challenge, ser. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 295 (2007)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tran, T., Cimiano, P., Rudolph, S., Studer R.: Ontology-Based Interpretation of Keywords for Semantic Search. In: ISWC/ASWC, ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4825, Springer pp. 523–536 (2007)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
    Hollink, L., Isaac, A., Malais, V., Schreiber G.: Semantic Web Opportunities for Digital Libraries. In: Proc. of 32nd Library Systems Seminar of the European Library Automation Group (ELAG), Wageningen, The Netherlands (2008)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kruk, S.R.,Woroniecki, T., Gzella, A., Dabrowski, M., McDaniel, B.: The anatomy of a Social Semantic Digital Library. In: Proc. of International SemanticWeb Conference (ISWC), Athens, GA, USA (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer US 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniera, de Sistemas TelemticosUniversidad Politcnica de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Germinus XXI (Grupo Gesfor)MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations