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Evaluating the Effects of Offshore Pile Driving on Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoises) by Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring

  • Klaus LuckeEmail author
  • Michael Dähne
  • Sven Adler
  • Anja Brandecker
  • Kathrin Krügel
  • Janne K. Sundermeyer
  • Ursula Siebert
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)

Abstract

The German offshore wind energy production will be largely expanded in the next years. As a test. the first offshore wind turbines in German waters were installed in 2009 at the “alpha ventus” wind farm site off the island of Borkum in the southern German Bight. The whole process is accompanied by environmental impact assessments (EIAs) covering all marine taxa and other relevant aspects such as noise emissions. A regulatory framework for conducting these investigations, the so-called StUK 3 (Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie [BSH] 2007), is set by the permitting agency (BSH [Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency]). To evaluate whether these requirements are appropriate and lead to scientifically robust results, a comprehensive research study was conducted simultaneously at a larger scale and by using methods additional to the ones of the EIA studies. The aim of these investigations was to validate the existing requirements or improve methodologies and the scope of their use wherever appropriate.

Keywords

Environmental Impact Assessment Offshore Wind Harbor Porpoise Offshore Wind Turbine Pile Driving 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency; BSH) (2007) Standard. Investigation of the impacts of offshore wind turbines on the marine environment. BSH No. 7003, Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, Hamburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  2. Lucke K, Siebert U, Lepper PA, Blanchet MA (2009) Temporary shift in masked hearing thresholds in a harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) after exposure to seismic airgun stimuli. J Acoust Soc Am 125:4060–4070.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Matuschek R, Betke K (2009) Measurement of construction noise during pile driving of offshore research platforms and wind farms. Proceedings of the NAG/DAGA 2009 International Conference on Acoustics, 23–26 March 2009, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp 262–265.Google Scholar
  4. Tougaard J, Carstensen J, Teilmann J, Skov H, Rasmussen P (2009) Pile driving zones of responsiveness extends beyond 20 km for harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena (L)). J Acoust Soc Am 126:11–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Lucke
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Dähne
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sven Adler
    • 3
  • Anja Brandecker
    • 2
  • Kathrin Krügel
    • 2
  • Janne K. Sundermeyer
    • 1
  • Ursula Siebert
    • 1
  1. 1.Research and Technology Centre (FTZ) WestcoastUniversity of KielBüsumGermany
  2. 2.German Oceanographic MusueumStralsundGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Biological SciencesUniversity of RostockRostockGermany

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