Advertisement

Nocturnal Acoustic Activity in the Shallow Waters of the WWF-Miramare Natural Marine Reserve (Trieste, Italy)

  • Antonio Codarin
  • Marta Picciulin
  • Linda Sebastianutto
  • Giuliana Calcagno
  • Maurizio Spoto
  • Enrico A. Ferrero
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)

Abstract

A growing body of scientific evidence shows that the increasing noise pollution in coastal environments due to human activities has detrimental effects on marine animals, including many endangered species. As a consequence, research studies and subsequent conservational actions are needed to mitigate the effects of noise pollution. One important step is to safeguard sensitive areas known as marine protected areas (MPAs) from anthropogenic noise; these ecologically rich areas, critical habitats for key species, are often located in highly populated coastal zones. This is the case of the WWF-Miramare Natural Marine Reserve, a UNESCO-Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB) Biosphere Reserve located in the Gulf of Trieste (Italy) and considered an important seasonal nursery area in the North Adriatic Sea (Guidetti et al. 2005). Although a recent study (Codarin et al. 2008), based on daytime acoustic monitoring, shows that the Miramare fish population is living in a heavily noisy underwater environment year-round, relatively little is known about the features and anthropogenic factors of nocturnal sea ambient noise (SAN) in the Reserve. This information is particularly relevant considering that intraspecific communication of many marine species (i.e., the brown meager, Sciaena umbra, during spawning season; Bonacito et al. 2001) occurs after sunset and during night. As a consequence, the present study aims 1) to quantify the nocturnal ambient noise levels at the Reserve, 2) to distinguish and quantify the biological versus anthropogenic components of the noise, and 3) to discuss their possible interaction.

Keywords

Sound Pressure Level Marine Protected Area Noise Pollution Acoustic Activity Anthropogenic Noise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Amorim MCP (2006) Diversity of sound production in fish. In: Ladich F, Collin SP, Moller P, Kapoor BG (eds) Communication in fishes. Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, pp 71–104.Google Scholar
  2. Bonacito C, Costantini M, Casaretto L, Hawkins AD, Spoto M, Ferrero EA (2001) Acoustical and temporal features of sounds of Sciaena umbra (Sciaenidae). Proceedings of the XVIII International Bioacoustics Council Meeting, 3–6 September 2001, Cogne, Italy.Google Scholar
  3. Bonacito C, Costantini M, Picciulin M, Ferrero EA, Hawkins AD (2002) Passive hydrophone census of Sciaena umbra (Sciaenidae) in the gulf of Trieste (Northern Adriatic Sea, Italy). Bioacoustics 12:292–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Codarin A, Spoto M, Picciulin M (2008) One-year characterization of sea ambient noise in a coastal marine protected area: A management tool for inshore marine protected areas. Bioacoustics 17:24–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Codarin A, Wysocki LE, Ladich F, Picciulin M (2009) Effects of ambient and boat noise on hearing and communication in three fish species living in a marine protected area (Miramare, Italy). Mar Pollut Bull 58:1880–1887.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Guidetti P, Verginella L, Viva C, Odorico R, Boero F (2005) Protection effects on fish assemblages, and comparison of two visual-census techniques in shallow artificial rocky habitats in the northern Adriatic Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 85:247–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Picciulin M, Sebastianutto L, Codarin A, Farina A, Ferrero EA (2010) In situ behavioral responses to boat noise exposure of Gobius cruentatus (Gmelin, 1789; fam. Gobiidae) and Chromis chromis (Linnaeus, 1758; fam. Pomacentridae) living in a Marine Protected Area. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 386:125–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Radford CA, Jeffs AG, Tindle CT, Montgomery JC (2008) Temporal patterns in ambient noise of biological origin from a shallow water temperate reef. Oecologia 156:921–929.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Simpson SD, Meekan MG, Montgomery JC, McCauley RD, Jeffs A (2005) Homeward sound. Science 308:221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Codarin
    • 1
  • Marta Picciulin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Linda Sebastianutto
    • 4
  • Giuliana Calcagno
    • 2
  • Maurizio Spoto
    • 3
  • Enrico A. Ferrero
    • 2
  1. 1.Regional Agency for Environmental ProtectionPordenoneItaly
  2. 2.CSEE-Department of Life SciencesUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly
  3. 3.WWF-Natural Marine Reserve of MiramareTriesteItaly
  4. 4.Cognitive Neuroscience SectorInternational School of Advanced Studies (SISSA)TriesteItaly

Personalised recommendations