Establishing a Safety Zone for Marine Mammals Due to Underwater Blasting
Blasting operations to prepare for new infrastructure in port areas will result in underwater noise that has the potential to impact on marine animals in the vicinity. It is therefore necessary to establish a safety zone to protect marine species such as Megaptera novaeangliae (humpback whales), Dugong dugon (dugongs), Tursiops aduncus (bottlenose dolphins; also known as the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins), and Natator depressus (flatback turtles) from potentially harmful underwater noise levels. This paper describes the derivation of such a zone as part of a project being declared a controlled action under the Australian Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
- Hastings MC, Popper AN (2005) Effects of sound on fish. Report prepared for the California Department of Transportation, Task Order 1, Contract No. 43A0139, by Jones & Stokes, Sacramento, CA.Google Scholar
- Huson L (2009) Underwater sound propagation study. Blasting for Hay Point coal terminal berth 3. Job No. LHA273 July 2009, prepared by L. Huson & Associates Pty. Ltd., Woodend, VIC.Google Scholar
- Yelverton JT, Richmond DR, Hicks W, Saunders H, Fletcher ER (1975) The relationship between fish size and their response to underwater blast. Topical Report DNA 3677T prepared for the Defense Nuclear Agency by Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Albuquerque, NM.Google Scholar