Advertisement

Sustainability of Environmental Management – The Role of Technical Assistance as an Educational Program

  • Susan S. BrownEmail author
  • Chad Ingels
Chapter

Abstract

Public programs aimed at reducing the environmental impact of ­agriculture traditionally rely on positive or negative sanctions for producers to implement the expert prescriptions of technical specialists. A performance-based management approach offers the option of rewarding producers for environmental outcomes through the use of quantitative and qualitative indicators of water and soil quality impact. Extension agronomy specialists can engage watershed cooperators in participatory education, using producers’ technical and economic questions as entry points to also educate about environmental impacts in the context of their individual operations and interests. When producers’ science-based knowledge of water ­quality outcomes is increased, they will adopt and adapt self-selected ­practices by a systems approach that can lead to continuous improvement.

Keywords

Cover Crop Incentive Program Extension Specialist Agricultural Nonpoint Source Watershed Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Mahan, Russ A. and Stephan R. Bollman. 1968. “Education or Information Giving?” Journal of Cooperative Extension, Summer: 100–106.Google Scholar
  2. U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2007 Census of Agriculture, Volume 1 Part 51, page 347. Washington (http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007).
  3. Alexander, Richard B., Richard A. Smith, Gregory E. Schwarz, Elizabeth W. Boyer, Jacqueline V. Nolan, and John W. Brakebill. 2008. “Differences in Phosphorus and Nitrogen Delivery to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River Basin.” Environmental Science and Technology 42(3): 822–830, supplemental material pages S22–S25 (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/  10.1021/es0716103).
  4. U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2007 Census of Agriculture, Volume 1  Chapter 1 State Level Data – Iowa, page 15, Table 6. Washington (http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007).
  5. Morton, Lois Wright and Susan Brown. 2007. “Water Issues in the Four State Heartland Region: A Survey of Public Perceptions and Attitudes About Water.” The Heartland Regional Water Coordination Initiative Bulletin #SP289, Iowa State University Extension, page 16 (http://www.heartlandwq.iastate.edu).
  6. Rodecap, John. 2008. Hewitt Creek Iowa Watershed Improvement Review Board Progress Report. Progress report to the Iowa Watershed Improvement Review Board, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Des Moines IA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

Personalised recommendations