Advertisement

Organizing the Sociological Landscape for the Next Decades of Health and Health Care Research: The Network Episode Model III-R as Cartographic Subfield Guide

  • Bernice A. Pescosolido
Chapter
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)

Abstract

The last decade has produced an extraordinary consensus in understanding health, illness, and healing. While the last 100 years of social science, and many more years for the natural sciences, was marked by greater disciplinary boundaries and specialization, these last twenty have been marked by calls for transdisciplinarity. This is not unique to medicine or to the sociomedical sciences. The centrifugal force that characterized the development of the first 100 years of empirically based research has produced schools (e.g., public health), spin-off disciplines and programs (e.g., women’s studies, health services research), and subfields (e.g., medical sociology) with a solid body of rich ideas and empirical findings (Pescosolido 2006a). This period established some of the most famous dichotomies of early modern science – photons versus waves, geosynclines versus tectonic plates, nature versus nurture, the individual versus society, and culture versus structure. While some of these were eventually adjudicated and their superiority established (e.g., Geographer Wegener’s theory of plate tectonics), most have reached a contemporary end point that matches what sociologists have always known: The world is intricate and messy, even if regular and patterned.

Keywords

Social Network Personal Network Rational Choice Theory Social Circle Contextual Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abbott A (2001) Chaos of disciplines. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILGoogle Scholar
  2. Alderson AS, Beckfield J (2004) Power and position in the World City System. Am J Sociol 109:811–851Google Scholar
  3. Andersen R (1968) A behavioral model of families’ use of health services. Center for Administration Studies, University of Chicago, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  4. Andersen R (1995) Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: does it matter? J Health Soc Behav 36:1–10Google Scholar
  5. Artis JE (1997) Gendered perceptions of dependency in discussions of mental illness. J Health Soc Behav 38(4):387–402Google Scholar
  6. Barabási A-L (2003) Linked: how everything is connected to everything else and what it means. Plume, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Barley SR (1989) The alignment of technology and structure through roles and networks. Ithaca NY, Cornell University, p 57Google Scholar
  8. Bascompte J (2009) Disentangling the web of life. Science 325:416–419Google Scholar
  9. Bearman P (2008) Introduction: exploring genetics and social structure. Am J Sociol 114:v–xGoogle Scholar
  10. Berkman LF, Glass T (2000) Social integration, social networks, social support and health. In: Berkman LF, Kawachi I (eds) Social epidemiology. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Black DW (1976) The behavior of law. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Bourdieu P (1990) Structures, habitus, practices. In: Bourdieu P (ed) The logic of practice. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, pp 52–79Google Scholar
  13. Brashears ME (2010) Anomia and the sacred canopy: testing a network theory. Soc Networks 32:187–198Google Scholar
  14. Breault KD (1986) Suicide in America: a test of Durkheim’s theory of religious and family integration, 1933–1980. Am J Sociol 92:628–656Google Scholar
  15. Bury M (1982) Chronic illness as biographical disruption. Sociol Health Illn 4:167–182Google Scholar
  16. Bury M (1991) The sociology of chronic illness: a review of research and prospects. Sociol Health Illn 13:451–468Google Scholar
  17. Camic C (1986) The matter of habit. Am J Sociol 91:1039–1087Google Scholar
  18. Carpentier N, Bernard P (2010) The complexities of help-seeking: exploring challenges through a social network perspective. In: Pescosolido BA, McLeod JD, Martin JK, Rogers A (eds) The handbook of the sociology of health, illness, & healing: blueprint for the 21st century. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Carpentier N, Bernard P, Grenier A, Guberman N (2010) Using the life course perspective to study the entry into the illness trajectory: the perspective of caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease. Soc Sci Med 70:1501–1508Google Scholar
  20. Carpentier N, White D (2002) Cohesion of the primary social network and sustained service use before the first psychiatric hospitalization. J Behav Health Serv Res 29(4):404–418Google Scholar
  21. Chen PCY (1975) Medical systems in Malaysia: cultural bases and differential use. Soc Sci Med 9:171–180Google Scholar
  22. Christakis NA, Fowler JH (2007) The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. N Engl J Med 357(4):370–379Google Scholar
  23. Christakis NA, Fowler JH (2009) Connected: the surprising power of our social networks and how they shape our lives. Little Brown, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Clausen JA, Yarrow MR (1955) Pathways to the mental hospital. J Soc Issues 11:25–32Google Scholar
  25. Conley D (2010) Learning to love animal (models) (or) how (not) to study genes as a social Scientist. In: Pescosolido BA, McLeod JD, Martin JK, Rogers A (eds) Handbook of the sociology of health, illness, and healing: blueprint for the 21st century. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Copeland LA, Miller AL, Welsh DE, McCarthy JF, Zeber JE, Kilbourne AM (2009) Clinical and demographic factors associated with homelessness and incarceration among VA patients with bipolar disorder. Am J Public Health 99:871–877Google Scholar
  27. Cornwell EY, Waite LJ (2009) Social disconnectedness, perceived isolation, and health among older adults. J Health Soc Behav 50:31–48Google Scholar
  28. Coser RL (1962) Life in the ward. Michigan State University Press, East Lansing, MIGoogle Scholar
  29. Coser RL, Coser LA (1979) Jonestown as Perverse Utopia. Dissent 26:158–263Google Scholar
  30. Costello EJ, Pescosolido BA, Angold A, Burns BJ (1998) A family network-based model of access to child mental health services. In: Morrissey JP (ed) Social networks and mental illness, vol 9, Research in community and mental health. JAI Press, Stamford CT, pp 165–190Google Scholar
  31. Counte MA, Glandon GL (1991) Elderly stressful life events, coping resources and health outcomes. In: Humphrey JH (ed) Human stress: current selected research, vol 5. AMS, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  32. Day JC, Bentall RP, Roberts C, Randall F, Rogers A, Cattell D, Healy D, Rae P, Power C (2005) Attitudes toward antipsychotic medication: the impact of clinical variables and relationships with health professionals. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:717–724Google Scholar
  33. Durkheim E (1951[1897]) Suicide. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. Elder GH Jr (1978) Family and the life course. In: Haveven TK (ed) Transitions: the life course in historical perspective. Academic, New York, pp 16–61Google Scholar
  35. Falci C, McNeely C (2009) Too many friends: social integration, network cohesion and adolescent depressive symptoms. Soc Forces 87(4):2031–2061Google Scholar
  36. Fallot RD (1993) The cultures of case management: an exploration of assumptive worlds. In: Harris M, Bergman H (eds) Case management for mentally ill patients: theory and practice. Harwood Academic Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. Freeman LC (2004) the development of social network analysis: a study in the sociology of science. Empirical Press, Vancouver, BCGoogle Scholar
  38. Freidson E (1970) Profession of medicine: a study of the sociology of applied knowledge. Dodd, Mead, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  39. Gibbs JP, Martin WT (1964) Status integration and suicide. University of Oregon Press, Eugene, ORGoogle Scholar
  40. Gibbs JP, Martin WT (1974) A problem in testing the theory of status integration. Soc Forces 53:332–339Google Scholar
  41. Giddens A (1984) The constitution of society: outline of the theory of structuration. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  42. Gieryn TF (1999) Cultural boundaries of science. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILGoogle Scholar
  43. Goffman E (1963) Stigma: notes on the management of spoiled identity. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  44. Goffman E (1974) Frame analysis: an essay on the organization of experience. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  45. Gurin G, Veroff J, Feld S (1960) Americans view their mental health: a nationwide survey. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  46. Hagestad GO, Neugarten BL (1985) Age and the life course. In: Binstock RH, Shanas E (eds) Handbook of aging and the social sciences. VanNostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 35–61Google Scholar
  47. Heise DR (1989) Modeling event structures. J Mathl Sociol 14:139–169Google Scholar
  48. Heritage J, Maynard DW (2010) After 30 years, problems and prospects in the study of doctor-patient interaction. In: Pescosolido BA, McLeod JD, Martin JK, Rogers A (eds) The handbook of the sociology of health, illness, and healing: blueprint for the 21st century. New York, SpringerGoogle Scholar
  49. Janzen JM (1978) The quest for therapy in Lower Zaire. University of California Press, Berkeley, CAGoogle Scholar
  50. Judge AM, Estroff SE, Perkins DO, Penn DL (2008) Recognizing and to responding to early psychosis: a qualitative analysis of individual narratives. Psychiatr Serv 59:96–99Google Scholar
  51. Kadushin C (1966) The friends and supporters of psychotherapy: on social circles in urban life. Am Sociol Rev 31:786Google Scholar
  52. Kandula NR, Wen M, Jacobs EA, Lauderdale DS (2009) Association between neighborhood context and smoking prevalence among Asian Americans. Am J Public Health 99(5):885–92Google Scholar
  53. Kelner M, Wellman B, Saks M, Pescosolido BA (2000) Complementary and alternative medicine: challenge and change. Harwood Academic Publishers, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  54. Kessler RC, Wittchen H-U, Abelson JM, McGonable K, Schwarz N, Kendler KS, Knäuper B, Zhao S (1998) Methodological studies of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) in the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey (NCS). Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 7(1):33–55Google Scholar
  55. Klovdahl AS, Graviss EA, Musser JM (2002) Infectious disease control: combining molecular biological and network methods. In: Levy JA, Pescosolido BA (eds) Social networks and health, vol 8, Advances in medical sociology. JAI, New York, pp 73–100Google Scholar
  56. Koos EL (1954) The health of Regionville: what the people thought and did about it. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  57. Lindblom C (1959) The science of muddling through. Public Adm Rev 19:79–88Google Scholar
  58. Liu, Ka-Yuet, Marissa King, and Peter S. Bearman (2010) Social influence and the autism epidemic. American Journal of Sociology 115:1387–1434Google Scholar
  59. Lively KJ, Smith C (2010) Identity and Illness. In: Pescosolido BA, McLeod JD, Martin JK, Rogers A (eds) Handbook of the sociology of health, illness, and healing: blueprint for the 21st century. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  60. Martin JK, Pescosolido BA, Olafsdottir S, McLeod JD (2007) The construction of fear: modeling Americans’ preferences for social distance from children and adolescents with mental health problems. J Health Soc Behav 48:50–67Google Scholar
  61. Martin MA (2008) The intergenerational correlation in weight: how genetic resemblance reveals the social role of families. Am J Sociol 114(S1):S67–S105Google Scholar
  62. Mazumdar S, King M, Zerubavel N, Bearman P (2010) The spatial structure of autism in California, 1993–2001. Health Place 16:539–546Google Scholar
  63. McKinlay JB (1995) Bringing the social system back. In: An essay on the epidemiological imagination. New England Research Institute, Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
  64. Mechanic D (2004) The rise and fall of managed care. J Health Soc Behav 45:76–86Google Scholar
  65. Morrissey JP, Calloway MO, Thakur N, Cocozza J, Steadman HJ, Dennis D (2002) Integration of service systems for homeless persons with serious mental illness through the ACCESS program. Access to community care and effective services and supports. Psychiatr Serv 53:949–957Google Scholar
  66. Nobles J, Frankenberg E (2009) Mothers’ community participation and child health. J Health Soc Behav 50(1):16–30Google Scholar
  67. Olafsdottir S, Pescosolido BA (2009) Drawing the line: the cultural cartography of utilization recommendations for mental health problems. J Health Soc Behav 50:228–244Google Scholar
  68. Ostrom E (2009) A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science 325:419–422Google Scholar
  69. Parsons T (1951) The social system: the major exposition of the author’s conceptual scheme for the analysis of the dynamics of the social system. Free Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  70. Pavalko EK, Harding CM, Pescosolido BA (2007) Mental illness careers in an era of change. Soc Probl 54:504–522Google Scholar
  71. Pavalko EK, Woodbury S (2000) Social roles as process: caregiving careers and women’s health. J Health Soc Behav 41:91–105Google Scholar
  72. Penner AM (2008) Gender differences in extreme mathematical achievement: An international perspective on biological and social factors. Am J Sociol 114:S138–S170Google Scholar
  73. Perry B (2010) Taking the medical sciences seriously: why and how medical sociology should incorporate diverse disciplinary perspectives. In: Pescosolido BA, McLeod JD, Martin JK, Rogers A (eds) The handbook of the sociology of health, illness, and healing: blueprint for the 21st century. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  74. Perry BL, Pescosolido BA (Forthcoming) Children, stigma and mental health. In: Pilgrim D, Rogers A, Pescosolido BA (eds) The handbook of mental health and mental disorder. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CAGoogle Scholar
  75. Perry BL (2009) The ripple effect: social network dynamics, social location, and strategies of interaction in mental illness careers. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Indiana UniversityGoogle Scholar
  76. Pescosolido BA (1990) The social context of religious integration and suicide: pursuing the network explanation. Sociol Q 31:337–357Google Scholar
  77. Pescosolido BA (1991) Illness careers and network ties: a conceptual model of utilization and compliance. In: Albrecht GL, Levy JA (eds) Advances in medical sociology. JAI Press, CT, pp 161–184Google Scholar
  78. Pescosolido BA (1992) Beyond rational choice: the social dynamics of how people seek help. Am J Sociol 97:1096–1138Google Scholar
  79. Pescosolido BA (1994) Bringing Durkheim into the 21st century: a social network approach to unresolved issues in the study of suicide. In: Lester D (ed) Emile Durkheim: le suicide – 100 years later. The Charles Press, Philadelphia, PA, pp 264–295Google Scholar
  80. Pescosolido BA (1996) Bringing the “community” into utilization models: How social networks link individuals to changing systems of care. In: Kronenfeld J (ed) Research in the sociology of health care, vol 13. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT, pp 171–198Google Scholar
  81. Pescosolido BA (2006a) Of pride and prejudice: the role of sociology and social networks in integrating the health sciences. J Health Soc Behav 47:189–208Google Scholar
  82. Pescosolido BA (2006b) The sociology of social networks. In: Bryant CD, Peck DL (eds) The handbook of 21st century sociology. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp 208–217Google Scholar
  83. Pescosolido BA, Boyer CA (1999) How do people come to use mental health services? Current knowledge and changing perspectives. In: Horwitz AV, Scheid TL (eds) A handbook for the study of mental health: social contexts, theories, and systems. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 392–411Google Scholar
  84. Pescosolido BA, Boyer CA (2010) Understanding the context and dynamic social processes of mental health treatment. In: Horwitz AV, Scheid TL (eds) A handbook for the study of mental health: social contexts, theories, and systems. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 420–438Google Scholar
  85. Pescosolido BA, Wright ER, Sullivan WP (1995) Communities of care: a theoretical perspective on care management models in mental health. In: Albrecht G (ed) Advances in medical sociology, vol 6. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT, pp 37–80Google Scholar
  86. Pescosolido BA, Brooks-Gardner C, Lubell KM (1998a) How people get into mental health services: stories of choice, coercion and ‘muddling through’ from ‘first-timers’. Soc Sci Med 46:275–286Google Scholar
  87. Pescosolido BA, Georgianna S (1989) Durkheim, religion, and suicide: toward a network theory of suicide. Am Sociol Rev 54:33–48Google Scholar
  88. Pescosolido BA, Levy JA (2002) The role of social networks in health, illness, disease and healing: the accepting present, the forgotten past, and the dangerous potential for a complacent future. Soc Networks Health 8:3–25Google Scholar
  89. Pescosolido BA, Mendelsohn R (1986) Social causation or social construction? An investigation into the social organization of suicide rates. Am Sociol Rev 51:80–101Google Scholar
  90. Pescosolido BA, Olafsdottir S (2010) The cultural turn in sociology: can it help us resolve an age-old problem in understanding decision-making for health care? Sociol ForumGoogle Scholar
  91. Pescosolido BA, Rubin BA (2000) The web of group affiliations revisited: Social life, postmodernism, and sociology. Am Sociol Rev 65:52–76Google Scholar
  92. Pescosolido BA, Wright ER, Alegria M, Vera M (1998b) Social networks and patterns of use among the poor with mental health problems in Puerto Rico. Med Care 36:1057–1072Google Scholar
  93. Pescosolido BA, Olafsdottir S, Martin JK, Long JS (2008a) Cross-cultural issues on the stigma of mental illness. In: Arboleda-Florez J, Sartorius N (eds) Understanding the stigma of mental illness: theory and interventions. Wiley, London, pp 19–35Google Scholar
  94. Pescosolido BA, Martin JK, McLeod JD, Perry BL, Olafsdottir S, Pescosolido FJ (2008b) Public understanding of child MH: National stigma study-children. Brown Univ Child Adolesc Behav Lett 24:3–4Google Scholar
  95. Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC (1982) Trans-theoretical therapy – toward a more integrative model of change. Psychotherapy Theory, Res Prac 19(3):276–288Google Scholar
  96. Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC (1984) The transtheoretical approach: crossing traditional boundaries of therapy. Dow Jones-Irwin, Homewood, ILGoogle Scholar
  97. Riley D, Eckenrode J (1986) Social ties: costs and benefits within different subgroups. J Pers Soc Psychol 51:770–778Google Scholar
  98. Rogers A, Hassell K, Nicolaas G (1999) Demanding patients? analysing the use of primary care. Open University Press, Philadelphia, PAGoogle Scholar
  99. Rosenfield S (1997) Labeling mental illness: the effects of received services and perceived stigma on life satisfaction. Am Sociol Rev 62:660–672Google Scholar
  100. Rosenstock IM (1966) Why people use health services. Milbank Meml Fund Q 44:94–106Google Scholar
  101. Schnittker J, Pescosolido BA, Croghan TW (2005) Are African Americans really less willing to use health care? Soc Probl 52(2):255–271Google Scholar
  102. Schweitzer F, Fagiolo G, Sornette D, Vega-Redondo F, Vespignani A, White DR (2009) Economic networks: the new challenges. Science 325:422–425Google Scholar
  103. Simmel G (1955) Conflict and the web of group affiliations. Free Press, New York, Translated by K. J. Wolff and R. BendixGoogle Scholar
  104. Simon H (1976) Administrative behavior. The Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  105. Snowden LR, Hastings JF, Alvidrez J (2009) Overrepresentation of black Americans in psychiatric inpatient care. Psychiatr Serv 60:779–785Google Scholar
  106. Song L, Lin N (2009) Social capital and health inequality: evidence from Taiwan. J Health Soc Behav 50(2):149–163Google Scholar
  107. Sporns O, Chialvo D, Kaiser M, Hilgetag CC (2004) Organization, development and function of complex brain networks. Trends Cogn Sci 8:418–425Google Scholar
  108. Stryker S (1980) Symbolic interactionism. Benjamin, Menlo Park, CAGoogle Scholar
  109. Susser M, Susser E (1996) Choosing a future for epidemiology: II. From black box to Chinese boxes and eco-epidemiology. Am J Public Health 86:674–677Google Scholar
  110. Tilly C (1984) Big structures, large processes, huge comparisons. Russell Sage, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  111. Twaddle AC, Hessler RM (1987) A sociology of health. Allyn & Bacon, LondonGoogle Scholar
  112. Umberson DA (1987) Family status and health behavior: social control as a dimension of social integration. J Health Soc Behav 28:306–319Google Scholar
  113. Umberson DA, Greer M (1990) Social relationships and health behavior: the wellness regulation model. In: Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  114. Wellman B, Wortley S (1990) Different strokes from different folks: community ties and social support. Am J Sociol 96:558–588Google Scholar
  115. Wheaton B (1978) The sociogenesis of psychological disorder: reexamining the causal issues with longitudinal data. Am Sociol Rev 43:383–403Google Scholar
  116. White HC, Boorman SA, Brieger RL (1976) Social structure from multiple networks. I. Blockmodels of roles and positions. Am J Sociol 88:135–160Google Scholar
  117. Wright ER (1997) The impact of organizational factors on mental health professionals’ involvement with families. Psychiatr Serv 48:921–927Google Scholar
  118. Wright ER, Linde B, Rau NL et al (2003) The effect of organizational climate on the clinical care of patients with mental health problems. J Emerg Nurs 29(4):314–321Google Scholar
  119. Xie H, McHugo GJ, Drake RE (2009) Subtypes of clients with serious mental illness and co-occurring disorders: latent-class trajectory analysis. Psychiatr Serv 60:804–811Google Scholar
  120. Yanos PT, Roe D, Markus K, Lysaker PH (2008) Pathways between internalized stigma and outcomes related to recovery in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Psychiatr Serv 59:1437–1442Google Scholar
  121. Young JC (1981) Medical choices in a Mexican village. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJGoogle Scholar
  122. Zola IK (1973) Pathways to the doctor – from person to patient. Soc Sci Med 7:677–689Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations