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Symmetries in Piezoresponse Force Microscopy

Chapter

Abstract

The tremendous success of piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) in various fields of material research has been driven by its promise to locally reconstruct the piezoelectric tensor and thus the polarization state by value and orientation. In order to achieve such a reconstruction, PFM generally allows for the collection of five different signals at once:topography, vertical amplitude, vertical phase, lateral amplitude, and lateral phase.

Keywords

Bottom Electrode Electric Field Distribution Vertical Channel Lateral Signal Vertical Deflection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The author would like to thank Mischa Nicklaus for his assistance with the figures.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ferroelectric Nanoelectronics, Institut National de la Recherche ScientifiqueUniversité du QuébecQuébecCanada

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