Cellular, Molecular, and Genetic Changes During the Development of Ceratopteris richardii Gametophytes

  • Mari L. Salmi
  • Thomas Bushart
  • Stanley J. Roux


Ceratopteris richardii is an aquatic fern that has proven to be a ­productive model system for studies in the genetics, biochemistry, and cell ­biology of early gametophytic development. Here we review and discuss the recent literature that documents the cellular, molecular, and gene expression changes that occur in gametophytes during polarity development and sexual differentiation, and in response to the environmental stimuli of light and gravity. Different approaches to achieve genetic transformation in this fern will also be discussed.


Spore Germination Nuclear Migration Feminine Trait Polarity Fixation Aquatic Fern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mari L. Salmi
    • 1
  • Thomas Bushart
  • Stanley J. Roux
  1. 1.MCDBThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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