• B. N. Chakravarty
  • S. Sharma


There is a rapid expansion of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) over the last two and a half decades in India. The live birth rate following ART program has steadily increased from <1 % to roughly 33 % in just over 30 years. The improving success rate may be attributed to the advances in ovarian stimulation protocol and improvement in quality and competence of IVF laboratory and personnel. Still many attempts lead to failure despite recent clinical advances in ovarian stimulation regimens and surgical procedures to collect gametes. ART laboratory is the most important component of the ART program. In human in vitro fertilization (IVF), gametes and embryos require fastidious procedures, and there is considerable awareness that the environment of the laboratory itself can alter the quality of the embryos. So there is an increase in the use of quality management systems to guarantee high-quality patient care as well as to ensure that the laboratory is maintaining consistency, thus maximizing embryo quality and success in ART program. This will also help to alleviate patient’s anxiety.


Quality Management Assisted Reproductive Technology Quality Management System Postgraduate Degree Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are grateful to Dr. R.S. Sharma, Deputy Director General (SG), Department of Reproductive Health & Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), for his valuable suggestions and guidance for preparation of this manuscript.


  1. 1.
    Gardner DK, Reed L, Linck D, Sheehan C, Lane M. Quality control in human in vitro fertilization. Semin Reprod Med. 2005;23:319–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mortimer D, Mortimer S. Quality and risk management in the IVF laboratory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2005.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rita BR. Quality maintenance for ART: an introduction. Embryo Talk. 2006;1(1):43–50.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Indian Council of Medical Research, National Academy of Medical Sciences (India). National guidelines for accreditation, supervision and regulation of ART clinics in India. New Delhi: Ministry of health and family welfare, government of India; 2007.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Keck C, Sjoblom C, Fischer R, Baukloh V, Alper M. Quality management in reproductive medicine. In: Gardner DK, Weissman A, Howles CM, Shohan Z, eds. Textbook of Assisted Reproductive Technologies Laboratory and clinical perspective. 3rd ed. London: Informa Healthcare; 2009:435–46.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Collings J. An international survey of the health economics of IVF and ICSI. Hum Reprod Updat. 2002;8:265–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alper MM, Brinsden PR, Fischer R, Wikland M. Is your IVF programme good? Hum Reprod. 2002;17:8–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kissel C, Keck C. Introduction of a structured training course for medical doctors in training in the field of reproductive medicine. Geburtshilfliche Frauenheilk. 2004;64:160–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rose JL. Developing new and current employees. Mich Health Hosp. 2003;39(3):22–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Reproductive MedicineKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations