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Pain in Women pp 219-236 | Cite as

The Female Athlete

  • Mimi Zumwalt
Chapter

Abstract

Female athletes have unique concerns in terms of both anatomic and physiological issues concerning pain from musculoskeletal injuries and orthopedic conditions. Both mechanical loading and hormonal/endocrinological feedback strongly influence the female body structure. This chapter will examine gender-specific musculoskeletal disorders both in the acute traumatic and nonacute, atraumatic settings. Prevention and management of female athletic injuries will be addressed; the latter encompasses both surgical and nonoperative treatment.

Keywords

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rotator Cuff Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Female Athlete 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to acknowledge the following people for their technical contribution in helping me toward completion of my book chapter. Without their dedication and hard work, the task would have been much more difficult for me: Ms. Beverly Reed, Ms. Meadow Green, Ms. Joni Davis, and Ms. Erica Pena. I also want to thank Ms. Carla Zavala, my nurse; Rosa Fuller, my close friend; Mich Zumwalt, my brother; Francoise & Kevin Sullivan, my mother and stepfather; and most of all, Miko and Demi, my wonderful children, for all their love and undying support for me always!

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mimi Zumwalt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and RehabilitationTexas Tech University Health Sciences CenterLubbockUSA

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