Y

  • Andrew J. Larner
Chapter

Abstract

Yawning is an arousal reflex thought to be generated in the brainstem reticular formation to counteract brain hypoxia; it may precede vasovagal syncope. Excessive or pathological yawning (chasm) is compulsive, repetitive yawning not triggered by physiological stimuli such as fatigue or boredom.

Keywords

Fatigue Dopamine Migraine Fractionation Levodopa 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Larner
    • 1
  1. 1.Walton Centre for Neurology & NeurosurgeryLiverpoolUK

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