Understanding Ethnic/Racial Health Disparities in Youth and Families in the US
At first glance, one might not consider motivation to be particularly relevant to understanding health disparities. Motivational processes traditionally focus on affective and cognitive mechanisms that help explain the energy associated with engaging in specific actions (Bandura, 2004). However, health outcomes, including physical and psychological health, have been strongly linked to motivational mechanisms, and many psychological theories address important motivational processes associated with health outcomes (e.g., Deci & Ryan, 1991; Ratelle, Vallerand, Chantal, & Provencher, 2004; Taylor & Brown, 1988; Vallerand & Bissonnette, 1992). One challenge is to apply traditional theories of motivation associated with health outcomes to health disparities.
KeywordsDepression Income Cuban
The volume editors would like to acknowledge the valuable contributions and assistance of the numerous people who made this work possible, including Debra Hope, Claudia Price-Decker, Roxane Earnest, Jamie Longwell, Jodi Carter, Kate Duangdao, and the Psychology office student workers. Others who support this work in important ways include Chancellor Harvey Perlman, the NU Foundation, the UNL Latino Research Initiative, and Springer-Verlag Science Publishers (especially Ana Tobias). Special thanks also to the numerous colleagues, conference attendees and students who participated and contributed to the Symposium activities.
- Armenta, B. E., Knight, G. P., Carlo, G., & Jacobson, R. P. (in press). The relation between ethnic group attachment and prosocial tendencies: The mediating role of ethnically related cultural values. European Journal of Social Psychology.Google Scholar
- Census Bureau U.S. (2007). Annual population estimates: 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2010, from http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.html
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008). Cigarette smoking among adults – United States, 2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 57(45):1221–1226.Google Scholar
- Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation: Perspectives on motivation (Vol. 38, pp. 237–288). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
- Hamilton, B. E., Martin, J. A., Ventura, S. J., Sutton, P. D., & Menacker, F. (2006). Births: Preliminary data for 2004. National Vital Statistics Reports, 54(8). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.Google Scholar