Large-Scale Vaccination for the Control of Avian Influenza: Epidemiological and Financial Implications

  • Jan Hinrichs
  • Joachim Otte
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 36)


Since its emergence in 1996 in China, highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus has infected 61 countries, caused more than 300 human fatalities, and resulted in disease mortality and culling of several hundred million domestic birds. In most of the affected countries, the H5N1 virus could be eliminated through swift and determined interventions of national animal health systems. In some countries, however, the virus appears to have become endemic in specific eco and production systems, leading to resurgence of infection in poultry and humans the moment control efforts are relaxed. The countries in which HPAI H5N1 virus can currently be considered endemic comprise Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Indonesia, and Vietnam as well as the Indian State of West Bengal (FAO in press).


Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus Vaccination Coverage Vaccination Campaign Vaccination Cost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Animal Health Economist, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (FAO-RAP)BangkokThailand
  2. 2.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsRomeItaly

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