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Pharmacology and Neurochemistry of Olivocochlear Efferents

  • William F. Sewell
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 38)

Abstract

This chapter covers the chemistry and pharmacology of efferent transmission in the cochlea, starting with an overview of the biochemical and biophysical steps following the arrival of an action potential at the peripheral efferent nerve terminal (Sect. 4.1.1). A brief history of advances in understanding the efferent system follows (Sect. 4.1.2). The description of the neurochemistry and pharmacology of efferent action is organized around the sequence of events beginning with the arrival of an action potential at the medial efferent peripheral terminal and ending with the activation of calcium-dependent potassium channels in the outer hair cell (OHC; Sect. 4.2). In Sect. 4.3, other efferent neurotransmitters are covered and, because most of these are associated with the lateral efferent system, it is in this section that much of the knowledge of lateral efferents is presented.

Keywords

Hair Cell Tyrosine Hydroxylase Nicotinic Receptor Cholinergic Receptor Efferent Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by a grant from the NIDCD (R01 DC000767).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otology and LaryngologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Eaton Peabody LaboratoryMassachusetts Eye and Ear InfirmaryBostonUSA

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