Effects of Nonschistosome Larval Trematodes on Biomphalaria Snails

  • Jose-Guillermo Esteban
  • Carla Muñoz-Antoli
  • Maria Trelis
  • Rafael Toledo


This chapter examines the most salient literature on the development of nonschistosome larval digeneans in Biomphalaria spp. (members of the ­superfamilies Clinostomoidea, Diplostomoidea, Echinostomatoidea, Paramphistomoidea, and Pronocephaloidea). For this purpose, the general biology of the nonschistosome trematode species that use Biomphalaria spp. as ­intermediate hosts are ­analyzed. Thereafter, the main features of these parasitic infections are studied with ­particular emphasis on topics such as the effect of the infections on the snail, the antagonism and/or competition between different digenean species in the snail, the ­immunology of the infection, and the genomic and proteomic aspects of these host–parasite interactions.


Intermediate Host Snail Host Infected Snail Trematode Species Shell Diameter 
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This work was supported by Project CGL2005-02321/BOS of Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spain) and FEDER (Europea Union) and by Project PROMETEO 2009/081 of Conselleria d’Educació of Generalitat Valenciana (Valencia, Spain).


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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jose-Guillermo Esteban
  • Carla Muñoz-Antoli
  • Maria Trelis
  • Rafael Toledo
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Celular y Parasitología, Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

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