Motor Performance and Muscle Mass as a Function of Hormonal Responses to Exercise
Hormones, motoneurons, and skeletal muscle fibers represent the main actors in regulating the motor performance during acute physical exercise. Moreover, muscle growth in response to exercise conditioning is related to direct actions of hormones and autocrine/paracrine factors on skeletal muscle fibers. The aim of this chapter is to illustrate the main interactions that take place between the neuro-endocrine and neuro-muscular systems in response to acute exercise and to review the main hormonal mechanisms that underlie the structural growth and remodeling of skeletal muscle fibers in response to chronic exercise training.
KeywordsSatellite Cell Locus Coeruleus Muscle Growth Skeletal Muscle Fiber Spinal Motoneuron
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