Invited Commentary



During the past 45 years, the ability to provide expanded care for geriatric patients with soft tissue and musculoskeletal disease and injury has expanded exponentially. As I reflect on the changes experienced in my practice as an orthopedic surgeon from 1963 to now, I am struck by a wide range of opportunities related to advances in either technology or our understanding of the biology of the connective tissues. These advances have fed off each other; in some circumstances, they have been largely dependent on their own merit, whereas in others, they are intimately linked. I have divided this introduction into advances dependent on one or the other – basic biology or technology – and interdependent fields.


Estrogen Osteoporosis Immobilization Sarcoma Polymethylmethacrylate 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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