Benign Diseases of Stomach and Duodenum

  • Daniel Borja-Cacho
  • Selwyn M. Vickers


The stomach comprises five anatomical regions: the cardia, fundus, body or corpus, antrum, and pylorus. The cardia is contiguous to the lower esophageal sphincter and is the transition between the esophagus and the stomach. The cardia is used to create a reference horizontal plane that delimits the second and third regions of the stomach, the fundus, and corpus, respectively. The fundus is located above this horizontal plane. The body is delimited proximally by the horizontal plane at the level of the cardia and distally by the incisura angularis. The incisura angularis is located at the abrupt right angle created by the lesser curvature in the distal portion of the stomach; it marks the transition between the body and the antrum. The pylorus delimits the transition between the stomach and duodenum; it controls gastric emptying [1].


Gastric Emptying Duodenal Ulcer Gastric Ulcer Pylorus Infection Peptic Ulcer Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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