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Apparatus for the electron-atom collision studies

  • Afzal ChaudhryEmail author
  • Hans Kleinpoppen
Chapter
  • 844 Downloads
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 60)

Abstract

Research instruments such as photo detectors, charged particle energy analyzers and detectors and other apparatus used for the investigation of excitation and ionization of atoms and molecules by electron impact is described in detail. Also processes like inner shell ionization, X-rays, bremsstrahlung X-rays, negative ions, Augér and Coster–Kronig transitions which play important roles in these studies are discussed.

Keywords

Analyzers Detectors Excitation Ionization Polarizers 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PiscatawayUSA
  2. 2.Stirling UniversityStirlingUK
  3. 3.Max-Planck-GesellschaftFritz-Haber-InstitutBerlinGermany

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