Neurostimulation for Bladder Pain Syndrome
Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) can be a debilitating disorder with limited treatment options. Recently, neuromodulation has emerged as a viable therapeutic option for patients with intractable symptoms, improving the pain and the urgency–frequency, as well as the quality of life. The most commonly used approach is sacral nerve stimulation (SNS), although pudendal and posterior tibial nerve stimulations have also been described. This chapter details the mechanism of action, patient selection, and procedure technique of SNS. It also reviews the latest scientific literature addressing its use for BPS, and provides a summary of the reported related adverse events. Furthermore, it sheds some light on the current research regarding pudendal, posterior tibial, and caudal epidural sacral nerve stimulations.
KeywordsInterstitial Cystitis Pudendal Nerve Sacral Nerve Stimulation Implantable Pulse Generator Bladder Pain Syndrome
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