Advertisement

Basics of Hormonal Contraception

  • Nupur Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

The USA has the highest rate of teen pregnancy and births in the western industrialized world with 34% of young women becoming pregnant at least once before the age of 20. Eighty percent of these are unintended and to unmarried teens. Despite advances in contraception, there remain three million unintended pregnancies each year in the USA with about half of them ending in planned terminations. Adolescents usually approach providers about 1 year after initiation of sexual activity to seek contraception. Barriers to care include lack of knowledge, confidentiality concerns, and fear of a pelvic examination. Preventive visits prior to initiation should address these issues and open up the conversation about sexual activity and contraception.

Keywords

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Oral Contraceptive Pill Ethinyl Estradiol Emergency Contraception Hormonal Contraception 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References and Additional Readings

  1. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Adolescence. Contraception and adolescents. Pediatrics 2007;120:1135–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gupta N. Advances in hormonal contraception. Adolesc Med 2006;17:653–71.Google Scholar
  3. Gupta N, Corrado S, Goldstein M. Hormonal contraception for the adolescent. Pediatr Rev 2008;29:386–397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Katz, VL. Comprehensive Gynecology 5th Ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier, 2007Google Scholar
  5. Lara-Torre E. Update in adolescent contraception. Obstet Gynecol Clin N Am 2009; 36:119–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Prine L. Emergency contraception, myths and facts. Obstet Gynecol Clin N Am 2007; 34:127–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Adolescent and Young Adult MedicineMassGeneral Hospital for ChildrenBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations