The Challenge of Asthma in Minority Populations

  • Albin B. Leong
  • Clare D. Ramsey
  • Juan C. Celedón


While asthma affects all races and ethnic groups, there is significant disparity in asthma morbidity and mortality. Minority populations suffer disproportionately higher rates of fatalities, hospitalizations, and emergency department and urgent care visits due to asthma.


National Health Interview Survey Royal Jelly Controller Medication California Health Interview Survey Asthma Morbidity 
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The authors thank Yvonne Sargent and Suzanne Beattie, MLIS for medical literature research, Lara Akinbami, MD, with assistance for with the CDC NCHS and NHIS data and review of the manuscript, Kathleen Abanilla, MPH for CHIS access assistance, and Diana Carolina Sanchez Mendez for assistance in preparation of figures.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albin B. Leong
    • 1
  • Clare D. Ramsey
    • 2
  • Juan C. Celedón
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and AllergyKaiser Permanente Medical Group, IncSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and Community Health Sciences, Sections of Respiratory and Critical Care MedicineUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Allergy and ImmunologyUniversity of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMCPittsburghUSA

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