Stars That Bind: Civilization, Calendars, and the Sky

  • Bryan E. Penprase


The measurement of time catalyzed the development of numbers, mathematics and astronomy, and cosmology, as the first humans began counting days, hours, minutes, and seconds of time. The sophistication of ancient civilizations in noting the cycles of the Sun, the Moon, planets, and stars enabled them to unify their people and to coordinate the activities of their people with both the cycles of nature and with the cycles of their gods. For the study of time, the planets, the Sun, and the Moon set the beat by which human civilization developed.


Winter Solstice Vernal Equinox Shang Dynasty Lunar Calendar Gregorian Calendar 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics & AstronomyPomona CollegeClaremontUSA

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