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Preventing Childhood Malaria: Strategies That Work Today and Directions for the Future

  • Kim C. Williamson
Chapter
Part of the The Loyola University Symposium on the Human Rights of Children book series (LUSY, volume 1)

Abstract

Malaria, an ancient plague named “Mal Air” by the Italians for its association with swampy areas, remains the most lethal single agent for children under the age of 5: it is responsible for 8% of all deaths in this population. One million children die each year, which is equivalent to one death every 30 s approximately the same number of people that die from HIV each year. Public awareness and funding for treatment and control has trailed significantly. One of the reasons for this is that 90% of the deaths are confined to children (Johansson, Newby, Renshaw, & Wardlaw, 2007). In ­addition, they live in sub-Saharan African, and so they are largely invisible to the industrialized world. However, malaria can be transmitted throughout the tropics and in temperate zones, including the USA and Europe, and it is as lethal to nonimmune adults as it is to young children. As with all infectious diseases drug-resistant strains have developed posing increased risk to travelers and residents. A number of ­economists also suggest that endemic diseases such as malaria are one of the ­primary obstacles to economic development (Teklehaimanot, McCord, & Sachs, 2007). In the case of malaria, 40% of the world’s population is affected.

Keywords

Antimalarial Drug Severe Malaria Indoor Residual Spray Subunit Vaccine Malaria Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Kim C. Williamson received financial support from Public Health Service grants AI40592 and AI48826 from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyLoyola UniversityChicagoUSA

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