Issues Affecting Geological Mapping with ASTER Data: A Case Study of the Mt Fitton Area, South Australia

Part of the Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing book series (RDIP, volume 11)


The minerals industry uses multispectral Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission Reflectance Radiometer (ASTER) data for geological mapping with enthusiasm around the world. ASTER represents an advance beyond the capabilities of the 7-band Landsat Thematic Mapper, measuring radiant energy from 14 bands, within the visible-near infrared (VNIR), the shortwave infrared (SWIR), and thermal infrared (TIR) wavelength regions, at spatial resolutions ranging from 15 to 90 m (Yamaguchi et al. 1998). Geologists used ASTER data for its multispectral coverage in the mineralogically significant SWIR wavelength region (Yamaguchi et al. 1998), where OH-bearing and carbonate minerals have diagnostic spectral features (Clark et al. 1990; Grove et al.1992). ASTER also provides multispectral coverage within TIR wavelengths (Yamaguchi et al. 1998), where many other silicates (and carbonates) have diagnostic features (Salisbury and D’Aria 1992).


Atmospheric Water Vapor Band Ratio SWIR Band Crosstalk Effect Spectral Absorption Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



ASTER data products for this case study were gratefully supplied by Japan’s ERSDAC and NASA’s LP DAAC. ERSDAC also provided crosstalk-correction software used for pre-processing level-1B data. Software license support from ERMapper is also gratefully acknowledged for this study. Mike Caccetta of CSIRO provided software and advice for the scatter plot and ASTER data’s SWIR offset analysis. Mt Fitton HyMap data, used as a control for comparative studies, were supplied by the HyVista Corporation. Geological GIS vector information for the Mt Fitton area was obtained from the Geological Survey of South Australia.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIRO Exploration and MiningAustralian Resources Research Centre (ARRC)KensingtonAustralia

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