A Comparative Analysis of the Articular Cartilage in the Temporomandibular Joint of Gouging and Nongouging New World Monkeys

  • Amy L. Mork
  • Walter E. Horton
  • Christopher J. Vinyard
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Both laboratory and field data demonstrate that marmosets gouge trees with wide jaw gapes to elicit exudate flow. Tree gouging distinguishes marmosets from other platyrrhines and presents a natural experiment for studying the morphological consequences of this derived feeding behavior. We utilize comparative histomorphometrics to determine whether loading of the TMJ at wide jaw gapes impacts articular cartilage form in two habitual gouging species, common (Callitrix jacchus) and pygmy marmosets (Cebuella pygmaea), compared to nongouging cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Our histological comparisons found no difference in articular cartilage form along the posterior condyle between gouging and nongouging species. Alternatively, the anterior glenoid of gouging species was relatively larger and deeper compared to nongouging species. These findings suggest that the articular cartilage of the anterior glenoid in gouging species possesses improved load resistance ability and points to the mosaic nature of functional responses to tree gouging in the marmoset masticatory apparatus.


Articular Cartilage Squirrel Monkey Posterior Condyle Condylar Cartilage Anterior Glenoid 



We thank Anne Burrows and Leanne Nash for inviting us to contribute to this volume, and Anne for asking us to participate in the symposium “The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates” held at the XXII Congress of the International Primatological Society in Edinburgh, Scotland (Aug. 2008). We are grateful to Elizabeth Curran (NEPRC), Amanda Trainor (WPRC), Suzette Tardiff (SFBR), Donna Layne (SFBR), and Susan Gibson (SMBRR) for supplying the specimens used in this analysis. We thank A. Burrows, T. Smith, S. Ward, and D. McBurney for suggestions and advice throughout this project. N. Robl assisted in collecting the histological data. This research was supported by NSF (BCS-0412153) and (BCS-0412153) and the NEOUCOM Department of Anatomy.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy L. Mork
    • 1
  • Walter E. Horton
  • Christopher J. Vinyard
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and NeurobiologyNortheastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM)RootstownUSA

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