Introduction to Translational Research
Translational research involves the process of validating ideas developed in nonclinical settings for use in patient care. It begins with the identification of a relevant and timely clinical problem (i.e., cardiac arrest, heart failure, atrial fibrillation), followed by investigation of the mechanisms responsible for disease pathogenesis, a step primarily performed at the scientific bench. Once the disease mechanisms are understood, potential therapy can then be rigorously tested in preclinical models (i.e., in silico, in vitro, in situ, in vivo). Efficacy and safety data in preclinical models can motivate early phase clinical testing. This chapter introduces the translational process and provides several examples.
KeywordsHeart Failure Atrial Fibrillation Cardiac Arrest Chronic Heart Failure Mitral Regurgitation
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