Parametric Survival Models
The Cox model is the most widely used survival model in the health sciences, but it is not the only model available. In this chapter we present a class of survival models, called parametric models, in which the distribution of the outcome (i.e., the time to event) is specified in terms of unknown parameters. Many parametric models are acceleration failure time models in which survival time is modeled as a function of predictor variables. We examine the assumptions that underlie accelerated failure time models and compare the acceleration factor as an alternative measure of association to the hazard ratio. We present examples of the exponential, Weibull, and log-logistic models and give a brief description of other parametric approaches. The parametric likelihood is constructed and described in relation to left, right, and interval-censored data. Binary regression is presented as an alternative approach for modeling interval-censored outcomes. The chapter concludes with a discussion of frailty models.
KeywordsHazard Function Survival Function Acceleration Factor Proportional Hazard Assumption Weibull Model
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