Peritoneal Dialysis



The peritoneal cavity has been used in the treatment of critically ill children for the past century. Reports from Blackfan and Maxcy in 1918 demonstrated the feasibility of intraperitoneal injections of saline to resuscitate dehydrated children. The origins of continuous peritoneal lavage stem from the work of Bloxsum and Powell in 1948 and Swan and Gordon in 1949. Their early techniques used large dialysate volumes and continuous gravity dependent flow through a metal peritoneal catheter.


Peritoneal Dialysis Inguinal Hernia Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Automate Peritoneal Dialysis 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Gajjar AH, Rhoden DH, Kathuria P, et al. Peritoneal dialysis catheters: laparoscopic versus traditional placement techniques and outcomes. Am J Surg. 2007;194(6):872–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Johnson DW, Wong J, Wiggins KJ. A randomized controlled trial of coiled versus straight swan-neck Tenckhoff catheters in peritoneal dialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis. 2006;48(5):812–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Stringel G, McBride W, Weiss R. Laparoscopic placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2008;43(5):857–60.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Strippoli GF, Tong A, Johnson A, et al. Catheter type, placement and insertion techniques for preventing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004a;18(4):CD004680.Google Scholar
  5. Strippoli GF, Tong A, Johnson A, et al. Antimicrobial agents for ­preventing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004b;18(4):CD004680.Google Scholar
  6. Warady BA. Peritoneal dialysis. In: Kher KK, Schnaper HW, Makker SP, editors. Clinical pediatric nephrology. 2nd ed. London: Informa Healthcare; 2007. p. 391–406.Google Scholar
  7. Wiggins KJ, Craig JC, Johnson DW, et al. Treatment for peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008; 23(1):CD005284.Google Scholar
  8. Wright MJ, Bel’eed K, Johnson BF, et al. Randomized prospective comparison of laparoscopic and open peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion. Perit Dial Int. 1999;19(4):372–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric SurgeryScott and White HospitalTempleUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryTexas A&M Health Science CenterTempleUSA

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