Pectus Deformities

  • M. Ann Kuhn
  • Donald Nuss


Chest wall malformations can be present at birth or become evident in infancy, childhood or early adolescence. Congenital chest wall deformities fall into two groups: those with overgrowth of the rib cartilages causing a depression or protrusion of the sternum, and those with varying degrees of aplasia or dysplasia. The most common chest wall malformations are the depression or protrusion abnormalities called pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum. The excavatum defect constitutes about 88% of the deformities while the carinatum deformity makes up another 5%.


Chest Wall Mitral Valve Prolapse Costal Cartilage Pectus Excavatum Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome 
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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children’s Hospital of the King’s DaughtersNorfolkUSA

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