Enteral Nutrition



Providing adequate nutrition is necessary for infants and children to grow and develop properly, especially following major surgery or trauma when catabolic demands are greater than normal. However, the need to provide additional nutritional support is sometimes overlooked as we focus on treating the primary disease and managing complications in the perioperative period.


Corn Pneumonia Diarrhea Flare Dehydration 

Suggested Reading

  1. Axelrod D, Kazmerski K, Iyer K. Pediatric enteral nutrition. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2006;30(1):S21–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chauhan M, Henderson G, McGuire W. Enteral feeding for very low birth weight infants: reducing the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2008;93:F162–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ching YA, Gura K, Modi B, et al. Pediatric intestinal failure: nutrition, pharmacologic, and surgical approaches. Nutr Clin Pract. 2007;22:653–63.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Coran A. Nutritional Support. In: Oneil JA, Grosfeld JL, Fonkalsrud EW, et al., editors. Principles of pediatric surgery. 2nd ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2004. p. 87–102.Google Scholar
  5. Kleinman RE, editor. Pediatric nutrition handbook. 6th ed. Elk Grove Village: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2009. p. 61–104.Google Scholar
  6. McGuire W, Bombell S. Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(2):CD001241.Google Scholar
  7. Tyson JE, Kennedy KA. Trophic feedings for parenterally fed infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;(3):CD000504.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric GeneralDrexel University Thoracic and Minimally Invasive Surgery, St. Christopher’s Hospital for ChildrenPhiladelphiaUSA

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