Epidural and Regional Anesthesia

  • Arjunan Ganesh
  • John B. Rose


Children undergoing surgical procedures benefit from many improvements in pain management that have occurred over the past few decades. These enhancements are the result of changes in the attitudes of physicians, nurses, hospital administrators, and patients and their families, coupled with increased pressure from external regulatory agencies ­mandating the adequate assessment and effective treatment of pain in children. It can no longer be debated that infants and children have the capacity to feel pain, or that the experience of pain by a child potentially results in negative short- and long-term consequences. In fact, the evidence continues to mount that inadequately treated pain in children can result in harmful physiological and behavioral consequences and delay ­recovery from surgical procedures as measured by time required to return to a regular diet, activity, and hospital discharge.


Epidural Catheter Epidural Space Rectus Sheath Intrathecal Morphine Epidural Infusion 
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Suggested Reading


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Other Regional

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Pennsylvania, Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA

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