Conjoined Twins

  • Gary E. Hartman


Conjoined twins are among the rarest developmental anomalies with incidence estimates ranging from 1 in 50,000 to 1 in 200,000 births. Most of the sets identified prenatally die either during pregnancy (25%) or within 24 h of birth (50%). While it is claimed that the incidence among stillborns is equal between boys and girls, girls predominate 3:1 among the live-born sets.


Body Wall Pulmonary Artery Stenosis Argon Beam Coagulator Craniopagus Twin Body Wall Defect 
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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric SurgeryStanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children’s HospitalStanfordUSA

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