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Combination Antifungal Therapy

  • Elizabeth Dodds Ashley
  • Melissa D. Johnson
Chapter

Abstract

Invasive fungal infections continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. In particular, recent studies indicate an increase in the incidence of mould infections among transplant recipients, and Candida species have risen to be the third most common pathogen isolated among intensive care unit patients [1, 2]. Advances in modern medical treatment have led to growth in the at-risk population for fungal infections [3]. For example, Cryptococcus neoformans has re-emerged as a growing cause of invasive fungal disease due in large part to the development of novel immune therapy for malignancies, rheumatologic disorders, and management of rejection in transplant populations [4]. Unfortunately, these infections are associated with failures and high rates of relapse even when patients receive recommended therapy [5, 6]. Treatment of invasive mycoses continues to be challenging and complicated by the net state of immunosuppression among infected hosts combined with relative lack of efficacy, significant toxicity, drug–drug interactions, and drug resistance associated with available antifungal agents.

Keywords

Antifungal Agent Invasive Aspergillosis Invasive Fungal Infection Invasive Candidiasis Cryptococcal Meningitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Medicine and DentistryUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

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