The Present Environment: A Geographic Summary

  • Sarunas Milisauskas
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)


This chapter describes the present environment of Europe: topography, climate, and characteristic associations of plants, animals, and soils. It introduces the reader to the geography of the continent, develops the environmental background for the societies of the last 9,000 years, and provides a point of departure against which we can compare the environments of the more distant past.


Mixed Forest Balkan Peninsula Ural Mountain Carpathian Basin Intermediate Elevation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Shackleton, M.R., 1965, Europe: A Regional Geography, 7th ed. New York, NY, Frederick A. Praeger.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyState University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

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