Advertisement

Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Survey

  • Sukumar Ganapati
Chapter
Part of the Integrated Series in Information Systems book series (ISIS, volume 25)

Abstract

Although Public Participation Geographic Information Systems (PPGIS) efforts have grown worldwide, there is a gap in the literature on implications of PPGIS for public administration. This chapter aims to narrow this gap through a literature survey of the PPGIS implications for government agencies. GIS technology has progressively advanced from traditional desktop-based GIS to Web GIS and Geospatial Web 2.0 platforms. The advancements have broadened GIS accessibility from the domain of expert users to the domain of lay citizens. Four major aspects are identified with respect to PPGIS implications for local e-government: the significance of context; technical GIS concerns; the institutional structure of participatory decision-making processes; and empowerment. The chapter highlights how these four aspects influence differential PPGIS efforts at the local level internationally, despite the greater technological accessibility.

Keywords

Public Participation Volunteer Geographic Information Spatial Data Infrastructure Geographic Markup Language Thematic Aspect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The chapter is partly based on a project funded by the IBM Center for the Business of Government.

References

  1. Abbott, J. (2003). The use of GIS in informal settlement upgrading: Its role and impact on the community and on local government. Habitat International, 27(4), 575–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Kodmany, K. (1999). Using visualization techniques for enhancing public participation in planning and design: Process, implementation, and evaluation. Landscape and Urban Planning, 45(1), 37–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of American Institute of Planners, 35(4), 216–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Balram, S., & Dragićević, S. (Eds.). (2006). Collaborative geographic information systems. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Inc (IGI).Google Scholar
  5. Barton, J., Plume, J., & Parolin, B. (2005). Public participation in a spatial decision support system for public housing. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 29(6), 630–652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bosworth, M., Donovan, J., & Couey, P. (2002). Portland Metro’s dream for public involvement. In W. Craig, T. M. Harris, & D. Weiner (Eds.), Community participation and geographic information systems (pp. 125–136). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  7. Chinn, D. M., & Fairlie, R. W. (2007). The determinants of the global digital divide: A cross-country analysis of computer and internet penetration. Oxford Economic Papers, 59(1), 16–44.Google Scholar
  8. Cinderby, S., & Forrester, J. (2005). Facilitating the local governance of air pollution using GIS for participation. Applied Geography, 25(2), 143–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Connor, D. M. (1988). A new ladder of citizen participation. National Civic Review, 77(3), 249–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Craig, W. J., & Elwood, S. (1998). How and why community groups use maps and geographic information. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems, 25(2), 95–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Craig, W. J., Harris, T. M., & Weiner, D. (Eds.). (2002). Community participation and geographic information systems. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  12. Cunningham, J. V. (1972). Citizen participation in public affairs. Public Administration Review, 32(Special Issue), 589–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. de Man, W. H. E., & van den Toorn, W. H. (2002). Culture and the adoption and use of GIS within organisations. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 4(1), 51–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. de Man, W. H. E. (2003). Cultural and institutional conditions for using geographic information; Access and participation. URISA Journal, 15(1), 29–33.Google Scholar
  15. Drew, C. H. (2003). Transparency—Considerations for PPGIS research and development. URISA Journal, 15(APA I), 73–78. Retrieved January 15, 2010, from htttp://http://www.urisa.org/Journal/protect/APANo1/drew.pdf Google Scholar
  16. Drummond, W. J., & French, S. P. (2008). The Future of GIS in planning: Converging technologies and diverging interests. Journal of the American Planning Association, 74(2), 161–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elwood, S., & Ghose, R. (2004). PPGIS in community development planning: Framing the organizational context. Cartographica, 38(3/4), 19–33.Google Scholar
  18. Elwood, S., & Leitner, H. (1998). GIS and community-based planning: Exploring the diversity of neighborhood perspectives and needs. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems, 25(2), 77–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Elwood, S. (2002). GIS use in community planning: A multidimensional analysis of empowerment. Environment and Planning A, 34(5), 905–922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Elwood, S. (2006). Critical issues in participatory GIS: Deconstructions, reconstructions, and new research directions. Transactions in GIS, 10(5), 693–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Elwood, S. (2008). Grassroots groups as stakeholders in spatial data infrastructures: Challenges and opportunities for local data development and sharing. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 22(1), 71–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ganapati, N.E., & Ganapati, S. (2009). Enabling participatory planning in post-disaster contexts: A case study of World Bank’s Housing Reconstruction in Turkey. Journal of the American Planning Association, 75(1), 41–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Garson, D. (2006). Public information technology and e-governance: Managing the virtual state. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Google Scholar
  24. Gessa, S. (2008). Participatory mapping as a tool for empowerment: Experiences and lessons learned from the ILC network. Rome: International Land Coalition. (Perhaps this is a duplicate entry – see following reference entry.)Google Scholar
  25. Gessa, S. D. (2008). Participatory mapping as a tool for empowerment: Experiences and lessons learned from the ILC Network. Rome, Italy: International Land Coalition. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.landcoalition.org/pdf/08_ILC_Participatory_Mapping_Low.pdf.Google Scholar
  26. Ghose, R. (2001). Use of information technology for community empowerment: Transforming geographic information systems into community information systems. Transactions in GIS, 5(2), 141–163.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ghose, R., & Elwood, S. (2003). Public participation GIS and local political context: Propositions and research directions. URISA Journal, 15(APA II), 17–24Google Scholar
  28. GINIE: Geographic Information Network in Europe. (2004). Towards a European GI strategy: Lessons learnt from GINIE. Report D 2.11.1(a). Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.ec-gis.org/ginie/doc/D2111A_LL_ES_ENG_VF.pdf.
  29. González, A., Gilmer, A., Foley, R., Sweeney, J., & Fry, J. (2008). Technology-aided participative methods in environmental assessment: An international perspective. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 32(4), 303–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Goodchild, M. F. (2007a). Citizens as sensors: The world of volunteered geography. GeoJournal, 69(4), 211–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Goodchild, M. F. (2007b). Citizens as voluntary sensors: Spatial data infrastructure in the world of Web 2.0. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 2, 24–32.Google Scholar
  32. Goodchild, M. F., Fu, P., & Rich, P. (2007). Sharing geographic information: An assessment of the geospatial one-stop. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97(2), 250–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Haklay, M., & Tobón, C. (2003). Usability evaluation and PPGIS: Towards a user-centred design approach. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 17(6), 577–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Harris, T. M., & Weiner, D. (1998). Empowerment, Marginalization and Community-Integrated GIS. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 25(2), 67–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Harris, T. M., Weiner, D., Warner, T., & Levin, R. (1995). Pursuing social goals though participatory GIS: Redressing South Africa’s historical political ecology. In J. Pickles (Ed.), Ground truth: The social implications of geographic information systems (pp. 196–222). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  36. Hassan, M. M. (2005). Arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh: Spatial mitigation planning with GIS and public participation. Health Policy, 74(3), 247–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Higgs, G., Berry, R., Kidner, D., & Langford, M. (2008). Using IT approaches to promote public participation in renewable energy planning: Prospects and challenges. Land Use Policy, 25(4), 596–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hodgson, D. L., & Schroeder, R. A. (2002). Dilemmas of counter-mapping community resources in Tanzania. Development and Change, 33(1), 79–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hwang, S., & Hoffman, M. C. (2009). In pursuit of the effective neighborhood information system: User-friendliness and training. Government Information Quarterly, 26(1), 166–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. James, J. (2003). Bridging the global digital divide. Cheltenham: Edward Edgar.Google Scholar
  41. Jankowski, P. (2009). Towards participatory geographic information systems for community-based environmental decision making. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(6), 1966–1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Jankowski, P., & Nyerges, T. (2008). GIS and Participatory Decision Making. In J. D. Wilson and A. S. Fotheringham (Eds.), The Handbook of Geographical Information Science (pp.481–493). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  43. Kaylor, C. H. (2005). The next wave of e-government: The challenges of data architecture. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 31(2), 18–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. King, C. S., Feltey, K. M., & Susel, B. O. (1998). The question of participation: Toward authentic public participation in public administration. Public Administration Review, 58(4), 317–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Kingston, R. (2007). Public participation in local policy decision-making: The role of web-based mapping. The Cartographic Journal, 44(2), 138–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Kyem, P. A. K. (2001). Power, participation, and inflexible institutions: An examination of the challenges to community empowerment in participatory GIS applications. Cartographica, 38(3–4): 5–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Kyem, P. A. K. (2002). Promoting local community participation in forest management through the application of a geographic information system: A PPGIS experience from Southern Ghana. In W. J. Craig, T. M. Harris, & D. Weiner (Eds.), Community participation and geographic information systems. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  48. Masser, I. (2005). GIS worlds: Creating spatial data infrastructures. Redlands: ESRI Press.Google Scholar
  49. Masser, I., & Craglia, M. (1996). A comparative evaluation of GIS diffusion in nine European countries. In I. Masser, H. J. Campbell, & M. Craglia (Eds.), GIS diffusion: The adoption and use of geographical information systems in local government in Europe. London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  50. Masser, I., & Craglia, M. (1997). The diffusion of GIS in local government in Europe. In M. Craglia, & H. Couclelis (Eds.), Geographic information research: Bridging the Atlantic. London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  51. McCall, M. K. (2003). Seeking good governance in participatory-GIS: A review of processes and governance dimensions in applying GIS to participatory spatial planning. Habitat International, 27(4), 549–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Metro. (2009). Build your high capacity system. Metro Regional Government. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.oregonmetro.gov/index.cfm/go/by.web/id=29903.
  53. National Research Council. (1993). Toward a coordinated spatial data infrastructure for the nation. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  54. Nebert, D. D. (2004). Developing spatial data infrastructures: The SDI cookbook. Global Spatial Data Infrastructure. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.gsdi.org/docs2004/Cookbook/cookbookV2.0.pdf.
  55. O’Reilly, T. (2005). What is Web 2.0: Design patterns and business models for the next generation of software. Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://www.oreilly.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html
  56. Obermeyer, N. J. (1998). The evolution of public participation GIS. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 25(2), 65–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Pickles, J. (1991). Geography, GIS, and the surveillant society. Papers and Proceedings of Applied Geography Conferences, 14, 80–91.Google Scholar
  58. Pickles, J. (Ed.). (1995). Ground truth: The social implications of geographic information systems. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  59. Ramasubramanian, L. (1999a). GIS implementation in developing countries: Learning from organisational theory and reflective practice. Transactions in GIS, 3(4), 359–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ramasubramanian, L. (1999b). Nurturing community empowerment: Participatory decision making and community based problem solving using GIS. In M. Craglia & H. Onsrud (Eds.), Geographic information research: Trans-Atlantic perspectives. New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  61. Ramasubramanian, L. (2009). Geographic information science and public participation. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  62. Rambaldi, G., Kyem, P. A. K., McCall, M., & Weiner, D. (2006). Participatory spatial information management and communication in developing countries. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries, 25(1), 1–9. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.ejisdc.org/ojs2/index.php/ejisdc/article/viewFile/237/158 Google Scholar
  63. Ramsey, K. (2009). GIS, modeling, and politics: On the tensions of collaborative decision support. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(6), 1972–1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Ramsey, P. (2007). The state of open source GIS. Victoria, BC: Refractions Research.Google Scholar
  65. Renn, O., Webler, T., Rakel, H., Dienel, P., & Johnson, B. (1993). Public participation in decision making: A three-step procedure. Policy Sciences, 26(3), 189–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Rinner, C., Keßler, C., & Andrulis, S. (2008). The use of Web 2.0 concepts to support deliberation in spatial decision-making. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 32(5), 386–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Rouse, J. L., Bergeron, S. J., & Harris, T. M. (2007). Participating in the geospatial web: Collaborative mapping, social networks and participatory GIS. In A. Scharl (Ed.), The geospatial web: How geobrowsers, social software and the Web 2.0 are shaping the network society (pp.153–158). London: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  68. Sawicki, D. S., & Peterman, D. R. (2002). Surveying the extent of PPGIS practice in the United States. In W. J. Craig, T. M. Harris, & D. Weiner (Eds.), Community participation and geographic information systems (pp. 17–36). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  69. Scharl, A. (Ed.). (2007). The geospatial web: How geobrowsers, social software and the Web 2.0 are shaping the network society. London: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  70. Schlossberg, M., & Shuford, E. (2005). Delineating “public” and “participation” in PPGIS. URISA Journal, 16(2), 15–26.Google Scholar
  71. Schuurman, N. (2000). Trouble in the heartland: GIS and its critics in the 1990s. Progress in Human Geography, 24(4), 569–590.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Schuurman, N. (2006a). Formalization matters: Critical GIS and ontology Research. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 96(4), 726–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Schuurman, N. (2006b). Ontology-based metadata. Transactions in GIS, 10(5), 709–726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Sen, S., Hobson, J., & Joshi, P. (2003). The Pune Slum Census: Creating a socio-economic and spatial information base on a GIS for integrated and inclusive city development. Habitat International, 27(4), 595–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Siau, K., & Long, Y. (2005). Synthesizing e-government stage models—A meta-synthesis based on meta-ethnography approach. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 105(4), 443–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Sieber, R. E. (2003). Public participation GIS across borders. The Canadian Geographer, 47(1), 50–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Sieber, R. E. (2006). Public participation geographic information systems: A literature review and framework. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 96(3), 491–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Simão, A., Densham, P. J., & Haklay, M. (2009). Web-based GIS for collaborative planning and public participation: An application to the strategic planning of Wind Farm Sites. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(6), 2027–2040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Sliuzas, R. (2003). Opportunities for enhancing communication in settlement upgrading with geographic information technology-based support tools. Habitat International, 27(4), 613–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Sui, D. Z. (2008). The wikification of GIS and its consequences: Or Angelina Jolie’s new tattoo and the future of GIS. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 32(1), 1–5.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Talen, E. (2000). Bottom-up GIS. Journal of the American Planning Association, 66(3), 279–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Tang, K. X., & Waters, N. M. (2005). The internet, GIS and public participation in transportation planning. Progress in Planning, 64(1), 7–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Tritter, J. Q., & McCallum, A. (2006). The snakes and ladders of user involvement: Moving beyond Arnstein. Health Policy, 76(2), 156–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Tulloch, D. L. (2002). Environmental NGOs and community access to technology as a force for change. In W. Craig, T. M. Harris, & D. Weiner (Eds.), Community participation and geographic information systems (pp. 192–204). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  85. Tulloch, D. L. (2008). Is VGI participation? From vernal pools to video games. Geojournal, 72(3–4), 161–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. United Nations (Division for Public Administration and Development Management). (2008). UN E-Government Survey, 2008. ST/ESA/PAD/SER.E/112. New York: United Nations. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan028607.pdf.Google Scholar
  87. Ventura, S. J., Niemann, B. J., Sutphin, T. L., & Chenoweth, R. E. (2002). GIS-enhanced land-use planning. In W. Craig, T. M. Harris, & D. Weiner (Eds.), Community participation and geographic information systems (pp. 113–124). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  88. Walters, L. C., Aydelotte, J., & Miller, J. (2000). Putting more public in policy analysis. Public Administration Review, 60(4), 349–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Wang, X., Yu, Z., Cinderby, S., & Forrester, J. (2008). Enhancing participation: Experiences of participatory geographic information systems in Shanxi province, China. Applied Geography, 28(2), 96–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. World Bank. (2000). Reforming public institutions and strengthening governance: A World Bank Strategy. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Public Administration DepartmentPCA 363B School of International and Public Affairs, College of Arts and Sciences, Florida International UniversityMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations