Application of Neuroimaging Methods to Define Cognitive and Brain Abnormalities Associated with HIV

  • Jodi Heaps
  • Jennifer Niehoff
  • Elizabeth Lane
  • Kuryn Kroutil
  • Joseph Boggiano
  • Robert Paul
Chapter

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that invades and inactivates T-lymphocyte cells of the immune system leading to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). In 2007, there were 33 million people living with HIV. That year alone, 2.7 million people became infected with the virus, and 2 million people died of HIV-related causes. 1 These numbers are not evenly distributed globally and tend to be disproportionately concentrated in countries least able to financially shoulder the burden of providing medical care to patients. In 2007, an estimated 1.9 million people were newly infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, bringing the total number of people living with HIV to 22 million in that area. The number of people infected in sub-Saharan Africa represents a full 67% of the global total of people with HIV, and 75% of all AIDS deaths in 2007.

Keywords

Fatigue Toxicity Hepatitis Anisotropy Depression 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jodi Heaps
  • Jennifer Niehoff
  • Elizabeth Lane
  • Kuryn Kroutil
  • Joseph Boggiano
  • Robert Paul
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Division of Behavioral NeuroscienceUniversity of MissouriSt. LouisUSA

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