• Nicolaas Westerhof
  • Nikolaos Stergiopulos
  • Mark I. M. Noble


Consider the experiment shown in the Figure in the box. The top plate is moved with constant velocity, v, by the action of a shear force F, while the bottom plate is kept in place (velocity is zero). The result is that the different layers of blood move with different velocities. The difference in velocity in the different blood layers causes a shearing action between them.


Shear Rate Wall Shear Stress Blood Viscosity Casson Fluid Blood Move 
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  1. 1.
    Merrill EW. Rheology of blood. Physiol Rev 1969;49:863–888.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Scott Blair GW, Spanner DC. An introduction to biorheology. 1974, Amsterdam, Elsevier.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer US 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolaas Westerhof
    • 1
  • Nikolaos Stergiopulos
    • 2
  • Mark I. M. Noble
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Physiology and Pulmonology ICaR-VUVU University Medical CenterAmsterdamthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Laboratory of Hemodynamics and Cardiovascular TechnologySwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Cardiovascular MedicineAberdeen UniversityAberdeenScotland

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