Households and Pension



This chapter deals with two economic issues. First, we examine Japan’s household structure. In the previous chapter ( Chapter 10), we recognized the importance of the effect of the demographic change on the Japanese income distribution. Demographic changes are closely related to the pension issue. In dealing with the current and future economy and society, the household study is one of the important factors. Second, we discuss the pension issue, which has also provided heated discussion among the economic and political worlds.


Household Head Pension Fund Pension System Livelihood Protection Saving Group 


  1. Ikeda, A. (ed.) (2008). Nihon no Zaisei, 2008 ed. [Japanese Finance]. Tokyo: Toyo Keizai Shinpo-sha.Google Scholar
  2. Iyoda, M. (1991). Sengo Nihon no Jinteki Shotoku Bunpai: Kinro-sha Setai o Chushin ni Survey [Personal Distribution of Income in Postwar Japan: Survey on Workers’ Households], Bulletin of the Research Institute (St. Andrew’s University, Osaka), 16(3), 25–36.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Andrew’s University (Momoyama Gakuin University)OsakaJapan

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