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Saul I. Gass

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Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR,volume 147)

Abstract

The founders of operations research (OR) all trained and practiced in other fields before coming to OR. As OR expanded to a wider range of application areas after World War II (WWII), they turned to address OR’s new seminal challenges. If we view these founders as the first OR generation, then the second generation are those individuals who learned from and worked directly with the first generation during the late 1940s and early 1950s. By this reckoning, Saul Gass commands a senior ranking within the second generation. In 1952, as a civilian government mathematician, he joined Project SCOOP (Scientific Computation of Optimal Programs), the U.S. Air Force’s Pentagon-based organization that, under George Dantzig, was the first to develop and apply linear programming (LP). This position shaped much of his subsequent OR research and practice, and led to his 1958 book, Linear Programming: Methods and Applications, the first textbook on LP.

Keywords

  • Operation Research
  • Analytic Hierarchy Process
  • General Account Office
  • Fictitious Play
  • Good Modeling Practice

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Acknowledgments

This profile makes liberal use of the extended interview with Saul published by the Military Operations Research Society (Visco and Sheldon 2005), and the invited chapter (Assad 2006) I wrote for Saul’s Festschrift (Alt, Fu, and Golden 2006). I am indebted to Saul for providing additional information for this paper by making some of his earlier papers available and for answering queries put to him.

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Correspondence to Arjang A. Assad .

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Assad, A.A. (2011). Saul I. Gass. In: Assad, A., Gass, S. (eds) Profiles in Operations Research. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, vol 147. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6281-2_30

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