Principles of Macrodynamics
The macro-level social universe evolved under selection pressures that forced individual and corporate actors to find solutions to these pressures or face the disintegrative consequences. These pressures have not disappeared with the evolution of complexity; indeed, complexity itself generates second-, perhaps third- and n-order selection pressures. The first human societies were not very “macro” but as sets of bands developed common culture and inter-band relations, the first steps to building a more macro social universe were taken. Once population as a force pushed actors to form communities, the structural base of macro-level social reality was firmly established.