The Forces of the Macrodynamic Realm

  • Jonathan H. Turner


For most of human history, bands of 50 or so individuals organized into nuclear families of parents and offspring wandered a defined territory to secure food from gathering and hunting activities. Bands revealed no real inequalities. Economic activity was organized by the division of labor in kinship, with women gathering and men hunting. Religious rituals were conducted by individuals within the family, although at times a shaman or religious specialist could be found who served non-kin members of the band. Political activity did not exist because no individual had the power to tell others what to do. Education was mostly informal with children simply observing or helping parents and, in so doing, learning what was necessary.


Human Capital Selection Pressure Physical Capital Corporate Actor Stratification System 
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Copyright information

© Springer New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of California at RiversideRiversideUSA

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