Advertisement

The Forces of the Macrodynamic Realm

  • Jonathan H. Turner
Chapter

Abstract

For most of human history, bands of 50 or so individuals organized into nuclear families of parents and offspring wandered a defined territory to secure food from gathering and hunting activities. Bands revealed no real inequalities. Economic activity was organized by the division of labor in kinship, with women gathering and men hunting. Religious rituals were conducted by individuals within the family, although at times a shaman or religious specialist could be found who served non-kin members of the band. Political activity did not exist because no individual had the power to tell others what to do. Education was mostly informal with children simply observing or helping parents and, in so doing, learning what was necessary.

Keywords

Human Capital Selection Pressure Physical Capital Corporate Actor Stratification System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Chase-Dunn, Christopher and Thomas D. Hall. 1997. Rise and Demise: Comparing World Systems. Boulder: Westview.Google Scholar
  2. Lee, Ronald Demos. 1986. “Malthus and Boserup: A Dynamic Synthesis.” In The State and Population Theory, edited by D. Coleman and R. Schofield. New York: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Boserup, Ester. 1965. The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The Economics of Agrarian Change Under Population Pressure. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  4. Smith, Adam. [1776] 1805. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. London: Davis.Google Scholar
  5. Simmel, George. 1978 [1907]. The Philosophy of Money. Translated by T. Bottomore and D. Frisby. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  6. Luhmann, Niklas. 1982. The Differentiation of Society. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Lenski, Gerhard. 1966. Power and Privilege. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  8. Nolan, P. and G. Lenski. 2008. Human Societies: An Introduction to Macro Sociology. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. Hawley, A. 1986. Human Ecology: A Theoretical Essay. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  10. Braudel, Fernand. [1979] 1982. The Wheels of Commerce, volume 2, Civilization and Capitalism 15th–18th Century. New York: Harper/Collins.Google Scholar
  11. Collins, Randall. 1986. Weberian Sociological Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.1990. “Market Dynamics as the Engine of Historical Change.” Sociological Theory 8: 111–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Granovetter, Mark 1973. “The Strength of Weak Ties.” American Journal of Sociology 78:1360–1380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnson, Allen W. and Timothy Earle. 2000. The Evolution of Human Societies: From Foraging Group to Agrarian State. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Gibbons, A. 2002. “In Search of the First Hominids.” Science 295: 1214–1219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of California at RiversideRiversideUSA

Personalised recommendations