The Technology–Organization–Environment Framework

Part of the Integrated Series in Information Systems book series (ISIS, volume 28)


This chapter describes the Technology–Organization–Environment (TOE) framework. It begins by presenting a description of the TOE framework and its constructs. Next, a brief review of studies that have used the TOE framework is provided. In this review, an emphasis is placed on noting the type of innovation that is being adopted in each study. Also, the different ways in which the framework has been adapted for various adoption contexts are highlighted. Finally, directions for future research with the TOE framework are described. In spite of this framework’s stability since its initial development, many avenues for evolution and development appear promising.


Adoption of innovations Diffusion of innovations Technology-Organization-Environment framework Technology adoption 



Cathode ray tube

DOI Theory

Diffusion of innovations theory


Electronic data interchange


Enterprise resource planning


Interorganizational systems


Information systems


Resource-based view


Radio-frequency identification


Supply chain management


Technology acceptance model


Technology acceptance model version 2


Technology–organization–environment framework


Theory of planned behavior


Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management Information Systems, School of Business and ManagementAmerican University of SharjahSharjahUnited Arab Emirates

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