Clinical Breast Examination After Treatment of Breast Cancer

  • William H. GoodsonIII


Clinical breast examination (CBE) is a screening, not a diagnostic test. Under the best of circumstances in healthy patients, it provides only an approximation of what histology might be found in the tissue that is palpated. After breast conservation therapy, the breast exam becomes even more challenging with subtle changes, at a minimum, found in breast size, skin thickness or retraction, and breast tissue density and nodularity. This chapter reviews the findings commonly seen in the breast and chest wall after treatment and serves as a guide to help distinguish normal post-treatment findings versus those worrisome for recurrence.


Breast Cancer Chest Wall Breast Tissue Reconstructed Breast Clinical Breast Examination 
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Copyright information

© Springer New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryCalifornia Pacific Medical Center Research InstituteSan FranciscoUSA

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