A breast mass is one of the most common presenting complaints evaluated by surgeons in their offices daily. Obviously, both patient and physician are concerned about cancer. Yet, the differential diagnosis is wide and the determination of etiology is often challenging. The likelihood of a variety of etiologies depends on the age and menopausal status of the patient. Therefore, appropriate diagnosis depends on a careful history, physical examination, imaging techniques, and tissue diagnosis.
- 3.Morrow M, Khan S. Breast masses. In: Mulholland M, Lillemoe K, Doherty G, Maier R, Upchurch G, editors. Greenfield’s surgery: scientific principles and practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.Google Scholar
- 4.Iglehart JD, Smith BL. Diseases of the breast. In: Townsend Jr CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, editors. Sabiston textbook of surgery. 18th ed. St. Louis: Saunders; 2007.Google Scholar
- 7.NCCN Clinical Practice guidelines in Oncology™ Breast Cancer Screening and Diagnosis Guidelines. V.I.2008. www.nccn.org.
- 8.Rosato F, Rosato E. Examination techniques: roles of the physician and patient in evaluating breast diseases. In: Bland K, Copeland E, editors. The breast: comprehensive management of benign and malignant disorders. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Saunders; 2004.Google Scholar
- 11.Page D, Simpson J. Benign, high-risk, and premalignant lesions of the breast. In: Bland K, Copeland E, editors. The breast: comprehensive management of benign and malignant disorders. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Saunders; 2004.Google Scholar