Advertisement

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Japan

  • Masao Yoshinaga
  • Tomoko Ichiki
  • Yoshiya Ito
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Epidemiology and Public Health book series (SSEH, volume 2)

Abstract

Three critical periods for the development of obesity have been reported: the fetal period; a period of adiposity rebound between ages 4 and 6; and during adolescence (Dietz 1994). The elementary school period is also reported to be a critical period for obesity in Japan; a rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity during the elementary school period was evident in 1989/1990 (Yoshinaga et al. 2004). However, little is known about the characteristics of this rapid increase in Japanese children and adolescents.

Keywords

Gross Domestic Product Human Development Index Severe Obesity Total Energy Intake Nutrition Survey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Foundation of Tanita Healthy Weight Promotion grants 2001 and 2004, the Chiyoda Mutual Life Foundation 2005, Mitsui Life Social Welfare Foundation 2007, and the Health and Labor Sciences Research Grants [Comprehensive Research on Cardiovascular and Life-style Related Diseases (H18-049)].

References

  1. Annual Report of School Health Survey (2007). (http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/toukei/001/003/18/07031614/017.xls) (in Japanese) (December 1, 2008).
  2. Cole, T.J., Bellizzi, M.C., Flegal, K.M., & Dietz, W.H. (2000). Establishing a standard definition for child at risk of overweight and overweight worldwide: international survey. British Medical Journal, 320, 1240–1243.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Dietz, W.H. (1994). Critical periods in childhood for development of obesity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59, 955–959.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Human Development Index Japan (2008). http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_JPN.html (December 1, 2008).
  5. Imperial Gift Foundation Boshi-Aiiku-Kai (2008). The National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan. In: Almanac of Data on Japanese Children. Tokyo: Chuoh Publishing (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  6. Ito, Y., Okuno, A., Murakami, Y., Uchiyama, M., Okada, T., Sakamoto, M. et al. (1996). Infantile standard height and weight curve for assessment of obesity. Journal of Child Health, 55, 752–756 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  7. Japan (2008). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan (December 1, 2008).
  8. Journal of Health and Welfare Statistics (2007). Journal of Health and Welfare Statistics, 54, 42 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  9. National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan (2008a). http://www.mhlw.go.jp/houdou/2008/04/h0430-2.html (in Japanese) (December 1, 2008).
  10. National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan (2008b). http://www.mhlw.go.jp/houdou/2006/05/h0508-1a.html (in Japanese) (December 1, 2008).
  11. Nutrition Survey in Infants (2006). http://www.mhlw.go.jp/houdou/2006/06/h0629-1.html (in Japanese) (December 1, 2008).
  12. Yoshinaga, M., Shimago, A., Koriyama, C., Nomura, Y., Miyata, K., Hashiguchi, J., & Arima, K. (2004). Rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity in elementary school children. International Journal of Obesity, 28, 494–499.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsNational Hospital Organization Kagoshima Medical CenterKagoshima CityJapan
  2. 2.Clinical Experimental MedicineNational Hospital Organization Kagoshima Medical CenterKagoshima CityJapan
  3. 3.Department of Clinical MedicineThe Japanese Red Cross Hokkaido College of NursingKitami CityJapan

Personalised recommendations