Food Patterns and Nutrient Intake in Relation to Childhood Obesity

  • Gerardo Rodríguez
  • Agneta Sjöberg
  • Lauren Lissner
  • Luis A. Moreno
Part of the Springer Series on Epidemiology and Public Health book series (SSEH, volume 2)


Childhood and adolescence are pivotal periods in human life characterized, among others by intense metabolic rate, continuous body growth and development, physical and psychological changes, and the onset of habits that will probably continue in later ages. All these characteristics may confer high vulnerability in relation to the risk of obesity development in predisposed subjects. Body composition and psycho-social changes determine nutritional requirements as well as dietary and physical activity behavior variability but, at the same time, these latter and other environmental and behavioral factors could also influence the former (Rodríguez et al. 2004). Among all risk factors that are known to modulate obesity development and its persistence into adulthood, diet composition and food patterns are among the main environmental determinants of energy balance along different periods of life (Rodríguez and Moreno 2006) (Fig. 18.1).


Energy Intake Childhood Obesity Fast Food Fast Food Restaurant Food Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Supported in part by the Swedish Council on Working Life and Social Research (EpiLife) and the Swedish Research Council. The authors thank Nancy Potischman for her comments.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerardo Rodríguez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Agneta Sjöberg
    • 3
  • Lauren Lissner
    • 3
  • Luis A. Moreno
    • 4
  1. 1.Departamento de PediatríaUniversidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la SaludZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/EPIUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  4. 4.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Developement) Research GroupUniversitaria de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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