• Iris Pigeot
  • Luis A. Moreno
  • Wolfgang Ahrens
Part of the Springer Series on Epidemiology and Public Health book series (SSEH, volume 2)


Obesity has become a major determinant of morbidity and mortality in many areas of the world, the most important diseases being type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal and psychological disorders as well as several types of cancer. For example, the relative risk of contracting disease among obese was estimated to be in the order of 6.74 in males and 12.41 in females for type 2 diabetes, 1.84 in males and 2.42 in females for hypertension, 1.72 in males and 3.10 in females for coronary artery disease, 4.20 in males and 1.96 in females for osteoarthritis, 1.82 in males and 2.64 in females for kidney cancer and 3.22 for endometrial ­cancer (Guh et al. 2009).


Total Health Care Cost Total Economic Cost Primary Prevention Intervention Contracting Disease IDEFICS Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine (BIPS)University BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research GroupE.U. Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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