For a New Balance Among Nature, Humans and Artefacts in Cities



Cities are dynamic and complex ecosystems, open and vulnerable, the only human ones. By analogy to the biological concentration of species in a mutually supportive environment, humans come together in places that optimise their reciprocal benefits. As sociobiospaces, cities require an extraordinary array of material and labour, they have the most complex metabolisms and produce an equally remarkable array of products, waste and emissions. Their role in the transition to a low/zero- and postcarbon society and economy is crucial. This chapter focuses on key elements of the urban ecosystems and principles and actions inaugurating better consumption and production models.


Clean Development Mechanism Carbon Footprint Ecological Footprint Urban Sprawl Emission Trading Scheme 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BrusselsBelgium

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